GRE/GRP PIPE 기술자료

ASTM (American Society for Testing Material)

TEST METHOD TEST LIST
ASTM C581 Chemical Resistance of Thermosetting Resins Used in Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Structures Intended for Liquid Service
ASTM C582 Contact-Molded Reinforced Thermosetting Plastic (RTP) Laminates for Corrosion Resistance Equipment
ASTM D638 Tensile Properties of Plastic
ASTM D695 Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastic (Metric)
ASTM D790 Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic and Electrical Insulating Materials
ASTM D 1598 Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
ASTM D 1599 Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
ASTM D 2105 Longitudinal Tensile Properties of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe and Tube
ASTM D 2143 Cyclic Pressure Strength of Reinforced, Thermosetting Plastic Pipe
ASTM D 2290 Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe by Split Disk Method
ASTM D 2310 Machine Made ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) Pipe
ASTM D 2412 External Loading Characteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel-Plate Loading
ASTM D 2444 The Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 2583 Indentation hardness of rigid plastics by means of a Barcol impressor
ASTM D 2924 External Pressure Resistance of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
ASTM D 2925 Beam Deflection of ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) Pipe under full bore flow
ASTM D 2992 Obtaining Hydrostatic or Pressure Design Basis for “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2996 Filament-wound “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pipe
ASTM D 3262 “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer Pipe
ASTM D 3517 Fiberglass (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pressure Pipe (8 inch through 144 inch)
ASTM D 3567 Determining dimensions of “fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pipe and Fitting
ASTM D 3681 Chemical Resistance of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe in a Deflected Condition
ASTM D 3754 “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer and Industrial Pressure Pipe
ASTM D 3840 ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) Pipe Fitting for Nonpressure Applications
ASTM D 4024 Machine made ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Flanges
ASTM D 4161 ” Fiberglass (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pipe Joints Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals
ASTM D 5421 Contact molded ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Flanges
ASTM D 5677 ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pipe and Pipe Fittings, Adhesive Bonded Joint Type, For Aviation Jet Turbine Fuel Lines
ASTM D 5685 ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Pressure Pipe Fittings
ASTM D 6041 Contact-Molded ” Fiberglass ” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting Resin) Corrosion Resistance Pipe And  Fittings

ISO

Test method Test List
ISO 178 Plastics – Determination of flexural properties
ISO 527 Plastics – Determination of tensile properties – Part 4: Test conditions for isotropic and orthotropic fibre-reinforced plastic composites
ISO 7370 Glass fiber reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes and fittings; Nominal diameters, specified diameters and standard lengths
ISO 7510 Plastics piping systems – Glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) components – Determination of the amounts of constituents using the gravimetric method
ISO 7684 Plastics piping systems – Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes – Determination of the creep factor under dry conditions
ISO 10466 Plastics piping systems – Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes – Test method to prove the resistance to initial ring deflection
ISO 10928 Plastics piping systems – Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes and fittings – Methods for regression analysis and their use
ISO 10465-1 Underground installation of flexible glass-reinforced thermosetting resin (GRP) pipes; part 1: installation procedures
ISO 10465-2 Underground installation of flexible glass-reinforced thermosetting resin (GRP) pipes – Part 2: CoMParison of static calculation methods
ISO 10465-3 Underground installation of flexible glass-reinforced thermosetting resin (GRP) pipes – Part 3: Installation parameters and application limits
ISO 14692-1 Petroleum and natural gas industries – Glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) piping – Part 1: Vocabulary, symbols, applications and materials
ISO 14692-2 Petroleum and natural gas industries – Glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) piping – Part 2: Qualification and manufacture
ISO 14692-3 Petroleum and natural gas industries – Glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) piping – Part 3: System design
ISO 14692-4 Petroleum and natural gas industries – Glass-reinforced plastics (GRP) piping – Part 4: Fabrication, installation and operation

AWWA (미국수도협회)

Test method Test List
AWWA C950 Fiberglass Pressure Pipe
AWWA M45 Fiberglass Pipe Design Manual

기타

Test method Test List
DIN 16 868 Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Resin Pipe
DIN 16 996 Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Resin Pipe Fitting and Jointing
API 15LR Low Pressure Fiberglass Line Pipe
BSI 5480 Pipe and Fittings for water and Sewage

ASTM (American Society for Testing Material)

Test Method Test List
ASTM D 257 DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
ASTM C 581 Chemical Resistance of Thermosetting Resins Used in Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Structures Intended for Liquid Service
ASTM D 1599 Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
ASTM D 1598 Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
ASTM D 2105 Longitudinal Tensile Properties of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe and Tube
ASTM D 2290 Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe by Split Disk Method
ASTM D 2412 External Loading Characteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel-Plate Loading
ASTM D 2444 The IMPact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
ASTM D 2583 Indentation hardness of rigid plastics by means of a Barcol impressor
ASTM D 2653 Classifying visual defects in glass-reinforced plastic laminate parts
ASTM D 2924 External Pressure Resistance of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
ASTM D 2992 Obtaining Hydrostatic or Pressure Design Basis for “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2996 Filament-wound “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) Pipe
ASTM D 3262 “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer Pipe
ASTM D 3517 Fiberglass (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) Pressure Pipe (8 inch through 144 inch)
ASTM D 3567 Determining dimensions of “fiberglass” (glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting resin) pipe and fitting
ASTM D 3681 Chemical Resistance of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe in a Deflected Condition
ASTM D 3754 “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Sewer and Industrial Pressure Pipe
ASTM D 5421 Contact Molded “Fiberglass”(Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting resin) flanges

ISO

Test method Test List
ISO 8361 Thermoplastics pipes and fittings — Water absorption
ISO 2039 Plastics — Determination of hardness
ISO 9142 Adhesives — Guide to the selection of standard laboratory ageing conditions for testing bonded joints
ISO 15306 : Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes — Determination of the resistance to cyclic internal pressure

AWWA (미국수도협회)

Test method Test List
AWWA C950 Fiberglass Pressure Pipe
AWWA M45 Fiberglass Pipe Design Manual


기술자료_설치시방서_1
기술자료_설치시방서_2
기술자료_설치시방서_3
기술자료_설치시방서_4
기술자료_설치시방서_5
기술자료_설치시방서_6
기술자료_설치시방서_7

Mechanical Properties

시험 항목 테스트 방법 단위
Hoop Tensile Strength ASTM D2290 MPa
Hoop Tensile Modulus of Elasticity ASTM D2290 MPa
Axial Tensile Strength ASTM D2105 MPa
Axial Tensile Modulus of Elasticity ASTM D2105 MPa
Axial Bending Strength ASTM D2925 MPa
Axial Bending Modulus of Elasticity ASTM D2925 MPa
Hoop Bending Strength ASTM D2412 MPa
Hoop Bending Modulus of Elasticity ASTM D2412 MPa
Poisson’s Ratio Axial / Hoop ASTM D1599 MPa
Poisson’s Ratio Hoop / Axial ASTM D1599 MPa

Physical Properties

시험 항목 테스트 방법 단위
Coefficient of Liner Thermal Expansion ASTM D696 mm/mm.℃
Thermal Conductivity W/m.K
Specific Heat J/kg.K
Glass Content (By Weight) ASTM D2584 %
Specific Gravity ASTM D792 Kg/m³
Barcol Hardness ASTM D2583
Hazen Willians C for Internal Surface

Mechanical Properties

시험 항목 테스트 방법 단위
Hoop Tensile Strength ASTM D2290 MPa
Hoop Tensile Modulus ASTM D2290 MPa
Axial Tensile Strength ASTM D2105 MPa
Axial Tensile Modulus ASTM D2105 MPa
Axial Bending Strength ASTM D2925 MPa
Axial Bending Modulus ASTM D2925 MPa
Hoop Bending Strength ASTM D2412 MPa
Hoop Bending Modulus ASTM D2412 MPa
Poisson’s Ratio Hoop / Axial ASTM D2105 MPa

Physical Properties

시험 항목 테스트 방법 단위
Coefficient of Liner Thermal Expansion ASTM D696 mm/mm.℃
Thermal Conductivity W/m.K
Specific Heat J/kg.K
Glass Content (By Weight) ASTM D2584 %
Specific Gravity ASTM D792 Kg/m³
Barcol Hardness ASTM D2583

Chemical Resistance of Fiberglass Pipe Resins (Reference Only)

Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Acetaldehyde N N R N N N N N N N
Acetaldehyde, aq. 40% N N N N N N N N N N
Acetic Acid, glacial N N C N N N N N N N
Acetic Acid, 20%(25) R R R R R R R N N N
Acetic Acid, 80% C N R R N N N N N N
Acetic Anhydride N N C N N N N N N N
Acetone,10% N N R N N N N N N N
Adipic Acid R N R N
Alcohol, allyl N N N N N N N N N N
Alcohol, benzyl N N C N N N N N N N
Alcohol, butyl(n-butanol) C N R N N N N N N N
Alcohol, butyl(2-butanol) C N R N N N N N N N
Alcohol, ethyl C N C N C N R N N N
Alcohol, hexyl C N R C N N N N N N
Alcohol, isopropyl(2-propanol) R N R N N N N N N N
Alcohol, methyl N N C N N N C N N N
Alcohol, propyl (1-ptopanol) C N R N N N N N N N
Allyl chloride N N N N N N N N N N
Alum R R R R R R R R N N
Ammonia, gas C N C N N N R N N N
Ammonia, liquid N N N N N N N N N N
Ammonia, aq.20% R N R N C N N N N N
Ammonium salt,except fluoride R R R R R R R R R R
Ammonium fluoride 25% R N R N R N N N N N
Amyl atate N N R N N N N N N N
Amyl chloride N N R N N N N N N N
Aniline N N N N N N N N N N
Aniline hydrochloride R N R N R N N N N N
Antimony trichloride R C N N R N N N
Aqua regia N N R N N N N N
Arsenic Acid, 80% C N C N N N N N N
Aryl-sulfonic acid R R R R R R N N N N
Barium salts R R R R R R R N N N
Beer R N N N N N R N N N
Beet sugar liqur R N R N R N N
Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Benzaldehyde, 10% N N N N N N N N
Benzaldehyde, 10-100% N N N N N N N N N N
Benzene (benzoil) N N C N N N N N N N
Benzene sulfonic acid,
10%
R R R R R C R N N N
Benzene sulfonic acid,
50%
R N R N R R N N N N
Benzoic acid R R R R R R R N N N
Black liquor-paper R R R R R R N N N N
Bleach, 12.5% active
chlorine
R N R N R N N N N N
Bleach, 5.5% active chlorine R N R N R N R N N N
Borax R R R R R R R N N N
Boric acid R R R N R R N N N
Brine R R R N R N R R R N
Bromic acid, <50% R N R N N N N
Bromine, liquid N N N N N N N N N N
Bromine, gas, 25% N N N N N N N N N N
Bromine, aq. R N R N
Butane R R R R R R R R R R
Butantetrol (erythriol) R C R R R C R N N N
Butanediol N N R R N N N N N N
Butyl Acetate N N N N
Butyl phenol N N N N N N N N N N
Butyric acid, <50% R R R R N N N N N N
Calcium salts, aq. R R R R R R R N N N
Calcium hypochlorite R N R N R N R N N N
Calcium hydroxide, 100% R R R R R N R N N N
Cane sugar liquors R N R C
Cabon disulfide N N N N N N N N N N
Cabon dioxide R R R R R R R N N N
Cabon dioxide, aq. R R R R R N R R R R
Cabon monoxide R R R R R R R R R R
Cabon tetrachloride R N R N N N N N N N
Casein R R R R R R R R R R
Castor oil R N R N
Caustic potash (KOH) R N R N R N N N N N
Caustic soda (NaOH) R N R N R N N N N N
Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Chlorine,gas,dry R R R R R N R N N N
Chlorine,gas,wet R R R R R N N N N N
Chlorine, liquid N N N N N N N N N N
Chlorine, water R N R R C N N N N N
Chlorocetic acid R N R N N N N N N N
Chlorobenzene N N C N N N N N N N
Chloroform N N N N N N N N N N
Chlorosulfonic acid,
10%
N N N N N N N N N N
Chromic acid, 10% R N R N
Chromic acid, 30% N N N N N N N N N N
Chromic acid, 40% R N N N N N N N N N
Chromic acid, 50% N N N N N N N N N N
Citric acid R R R R R R R N N N
Coconut oil R N R R R N R N N N
Copper salts, aq. R R R R R R R R N N
Corn oil R C R R R N
Corn syrup R R R R R N R R N N
Cottonseed oil R R R R R N R R N N
Cresylic acid, 50% N N N N N N N N N N
Crude oil R R R R R N N N R N
Cyclohexane R N R N N N R R N N
Cyclohexanol R N R N R N R N N N
Cyclohexanone N N N N N N N N
Diesel fuels R N R R R N R N C N
Diethyl amine N N N N N N N N N N
Dioctyl phthalate R N R R R N N N N N
Dioxane –1,4 N N N N N N N N
Dimethylamine N N N N N N N N N N
Dimethyl formamide N N N N N N N N N N
Detergents, aq. R R R R R R R R N N
Dibutylphthalate R N R R R N N N N N
Dibutyl sebacate R N R N R R R R N N
Dichlorobenzene N N R N N N N N N N
Dichlorethylene N N N N N N N N N N
Ether (diethyl) N N N N N N N N N N
Up to temperature, ℉ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 180 50 150
Ethyl halides N N N N N N N N N N
Ethylene halides N N N N N N N N N N
Ethylene glycol R R R R R R R R N N
Ethylene oxide N N N N N N N N N N
Fatty acids R R R R R R R R N N
Ferric salts R R R R R R R R N N
Fluorine, gas, dry N N N N N N N N N N
Fluorine, gas, wet N N N N N N N N N N
Fluoroboric acid, 25% R R R R N N N N N N
Fluoroboric acid, 10% R N R N N N N N N N
Formaldehyde R N R N N N R N N N
Formic acid N N C N N N N N N N
Freon, F11, F12, 113,
114
N N N N N N N N N N
Freon, F21, F22 N N N N N N N N N N
Fruit Juices and pulps C N N N N N R N N N
Fuel oil R N R R N N R N R N
Furfural N N N N N N N N N N
Gas, natural, methane R N R N R N R N N N
Gasoline C N R C C N R N N N
Gelatin R N R C R N R N N N
Glycerine (glycerol) R R R R R N R N N N
Glycols R R R R R R R R N N
Glycolic acid C N C N R N R N N N
Green Liquor – paper R N R N R N N N N N
Heptane R R R R R N R N N N
Hexane R N R N R N R N N N
Hydrobromic acid, 25% R N R N R N R N N N
Hydrochloric acid R R R R R R R N N N
Hydrofluoric acid, 10% R N R N N N C N N N
Hydrofluoric acid, 60% N N N N N N N N N N
Hydrofluoric acid, 100% N N N N N N N N N N
Hydrocyanic acid R N R R R N N N N N
Hydrogen peroxide, 50% N N N N N N N N
Hydrogen peroxide, 90% N N N N N N N N
Hydrogen sulfide, dry R R R R R N R N N N
Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Motor oil R R R R R R R R N N
Naphtha R N R R R N R N N N
Naphthalene R R R R R N R N N N
Nickel salts R R R R R R R R N N
Nitric acid, 0 to 20% R N R N N N N N N N
Nitric acid, 21 to 100% N N N N N N N N N N
Nitric acid, fuming N N N N N N N N N N
Nitrobenzene N N C N N N N N N N
Nitrous acid R N R N N N R N N N
Oleic acid R R R R R N R R N N
Oleum N N N N N N N N N N
Olive oil R R R R N N R N N N
Oxalic acid R R R R R R R N N
Ozone, gas, 5% R N R N N N N N N N
Palmitic acid, 10% R R R R R R R R N N
Palmitic acid, 70% R R R R R R R R N N
Paraffin R R R R R R R R R R
Pentane R N R N R N R N N N
Perchloric acid, 10% R N R N N N N N N N
Perchloric acid, 70% N N R N N N N N N N
Perchloroethylene N N R N N N N N N N
Petroleum, sour R R R R R N R N N N
Petroleum, refined R R R R R N R N R N
Phenol. 88% N N N N N N N N N N
Phenylcarbinol N N N N N N N N N N
Phenylhydrazine N N N N N N N N N N
Phosphoric acid R R R R R R R C N N
Phosphorous, yellow N N N N N N N N N N
Phosphorous, red N N N N N N N N N N
Phosphorous trichloride N N N N N N N N N N
Phthalic acid R R R R R R
Potassium salts, aq. R R R R R R R R N N
Potassium permanganate R R R R R N R N N N
Propane R R R R R R R R R R
Propylene dichloride N N N N N N N N N N
Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
NovolacVinyl ester BisphenolPolyester IsophthalicPolyester OrthophthalicPolyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Propylene glycol R R R R R N R N N N
Propylene oxide N N N N N N N N N N
Pyridine N N N N N N N N N N
Rayon coagulating bath R R R R R N N N
Sea water R R R R R N R R R N
Salicylic acid R N R N R N R N N N
Sewage, residential C N R C N N R N C N
Silicic acid R R R R R R R N N N
Silicone oil R R R R R R R R N N
Silver salts R R R R R N R R N N
Soaps R R R R R R R R R N
Sodium hydroxide C N R N N
Sodium salts, aq. Except R R R R R R R R N
Sodium chlorite, 10% R N R N
Sodium chlorate R R R R
Sodium dichromate, acid R R R R
Stannic chloride R R R R R N R N N N
Stannous chloride R R R R R R R R N N
Stearic acid R R R R R R R R N N
Sulfite liquor R R R R R N R N N N
Sulfur R N R R R N R N N N
Sugars, aq. R R R R R R R N
Sulfur dioxide, dry R R R R R R R R N N
Sulfur dioxide, wet R R R R R R R R N N
Sulfur trioxide, gas,
dry
R R R R N N N N
Sulfur trioxide, wet N N N N N N N N N N
Sulfuric acid,<26% R R R R R N R N N N
Sulfuric acid, 26 to
80%
R N R N N N N N N N
Sulfuric acid, 81 to
100%
N N N N N N N N N N
Sulfurous acid,  10% R N R N N N N N N N
Tall oil R R R R R N R N N N
Tannic acid R R R R R R R R N N
Tartaric acid R R R R R R R R N N
Tetrachloroethane N N R N N N N N N N
Tetrahydrofuran N N N N N N N N N N
Up to temperature, ℃ Bisphenol
Vinyl ester
Novolac
Vinyl ester
Bisphenol
Polyester
Isophthalic
Polyester
Orthophthalic
Polyester
50 100 50 100 50 100 50 82 50 150
Thionyl chloride N N N N N N N N N N
Thread cutting oil R N R N R N R N N N
Terpineol R R R R R R R R N N
Toluene N N R N N N N N N N
Tributyl phosphate R N R N N N N N N N
Tricresyl phosphate R N R N N N N N N N
Trichloracetic acid R R R R R N N N N N
Trichloroethylene N N N N N N N N N N
Triethanolamine R N R N N N N N
Triethylamine R N R N N N N N
Turpentine R N R R N N N N N N
Urea, 50% R N R N R N R N N N
Urine R N R N R N R N N N
Vaseline R R R R R R R R R R
Vegetable oils R R R R R R R R R N
Vinegar R R R R R N R N N N
Vinyl acetate N N N N N N N N N N
Water, distilled R N R R R N R N N N
Water, fresh R R R R R N R R R N
Water, mine R R R R R N R N N N
Water, salt R R R N R N R R R N
Water, tap R N R R R N R R R N
Whiskey R N R N N N R N N N
Wines R N R N N N R N N N
Xylene N N R N N N N N N N
Zinc salts R R R R R R R R R N